Following are some of the publications by PEF members. Feel free to contact us at (or) for any postharvest related questions you wish to be answered.

 (+) Databases and references (hundreds of studies) used for the review. Link to Google Drive-- just click to open the folders: [Download]   Database 1: PHLs by crop and country.  Database 2: Annotated reference list.

L. Kitinoja, V.Y. Tokala and A. Brondy. 2018. Challenges and opportunities for improved postharvest loss measurements in plant-based food crops. Journal of Postharvest Technology. 6(4): 16-34.

5th Edition (Kitinoja & Kader 2015) Small scale postharvest handling practices: a manual for horticultural crops (UCDavis)

USDA Handbook 66: 
UC Davis postharvest library 
'A Consensus-based Road Map for Reducing Global Postharvest Losses' developed at 'The First International Congress on Postharvest Loss Prevention', Rome, Italy (October 4-7, 2015).
Dr Lisa Kitinoja has served as a reviewer for this publication from Champions 12.3(WRI), which is leading the effort to keep track of the activities and progress toward the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of reducing food loss/waste.
Book of Abstracts and Program for 1st All-Africa Congress and Exposition. Nairobi, Kenya 28-31 March 2017. 
Commodity Systems Assessment Methodology

CSAM is a method we use for training of trainers, in which an e-learner or workshop participant collect data on the causes and sources of postharvest losses and quality problems. Each trainee chooses a crop of interest for their home country and spends several weeks doing a literature review, interviewing farmers, traders and marketers, and summarizing the findings across 25 components along the value chain from the farm to the market.
LaGra, J., Kitinoja L. and K. Alpizar (2016). Commodity Systems Assessment Methodology for Value Chain Problem and Project Identification: A first step in food loss reduction. San Jose, Costa Rica: IICA. 246 pp. [PDF(English)]
LaGra, J., Kitinoja L. and K. Alpizar (2016). Metodología de evaluación de cadenas agroalimentarias para la identificación de problemas y proyectos: un primer paso para la disminución de pérdidas de alimentos San Jose, Costa Rica: IICA. 246 pp. [PDF (Spanish)] 
LaGra, J. (1990). A commodity systems assessment methodology for problem and project identification. Moscow, Idaho, Postharvest Institute for Perishables, University of Idaho, IICA, AFHB. 102 pp. [Download
LaGra, J. (1990). Une methode d'evaluation des filieres agro-alimentaires pour l'identification des problemes et des projets (MEFA). lnstitut pour I'Etude des Pertes Post-Recolte des Cultures Perissables Universite d'ldaho Moscow, Idaho 83843. 280pp [Download]
Creating a Sustainable Food Future, Installment Two: Reducing Food Loss and Waste (Dr Lisa was a contributing author in June 2013 to this World Resources Institute working paper.)

Small scale postharvest handling practices: a manual for horticultural crops
(Kitinoja and Kader, 4th edition, 2003) 


 Pilot project for extension of postharvest technologies

Diane Barrett and Lisa Kitinoja worked together during 2010-13 on a Hort CRSP funded project in East Africa where a pilot Postharvest Training and Services Center (PTSC) was set up in October 2012 on the campus of AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center in Arusha. Read the final report: PTSC Pilot Project Final Report for Hort CRSP

Opening a Regional Postharvest Training and Services Center

Evaluation article published in the journal AGRICULTURE : Kitinoja and Barrett (2015) Extension of Small-Scale Postharvest Horticulture Technologies—A Model Training and Services Center. Agriculture 2015, 5, 441-455; DOI:10.3390/agriculture5030441    Abstract:

HTML Version:
PDF Version:
Kitinoja, L. (2017). Training in Postharvest Technology, 17th edition. A compilation on CDRom of postharvest training materials, manuals, tools and equipment, demonstrations, illustrations, internet links and references.


Hadijah Nantambi and Sylvia Namazzi. 2019. Design and test of an affordable Cold Room powered bysoalr for improving storage quality and reducing wastage of horticulture produce. Ecolife Foods, Uganda. [Download report

Majeed Mohammed and Vijay Yadav Tokala (Eds.) 2018. Postharvest Extension and Capacity Building for the Developing World. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press. [ISBN: 978-1-138-06928-2].
Kitinoja, L. 2016. “Innovative Approaches to Food Loss and Waste Issues,” Frontier Issues Brief for the Brookings Institution’s Ending Rural Hunger project. 

WFLO and PEF (2016) Report on on-farm food losses for COMCEC

Kitinoja and Barrett (2015)Extension of Small-Scale Postharvest Horticulture Technologies—A Model Training and Services Center. Agriculture 2015, 5, 441-455; DOI:10.3390/agriculture5030441.

Affognon et al. (2015). Unpacking postharvest losses in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Meta-analysis. World Development Vol. 66, pp. 49–68, 2015

Kitinoja and Kader (2015). Measuring postharvest losses in fruits and vegetables in developing countries. White Paper No. 15-02. La Pine, Oregon USA: The Postharvest Education Foundation. 26pp

Abdul-Rahaman A., Alhassan N., Charles T., Albert D., Charles A. K., Mohazo A. and Abdul-Shamir I.K. (2015). Clay cooling pots technologies for storage of Fuzzy Bomb and Bonita Roma varieties of tomato fruits. Journal of Aridland Agriculture, 1(1), 6-12. 

Abdul-Rahaman, A., Alhassan, N., & Andrews, A. D. (2015). Zero energy cooling technology for storage of cavendish banana fruit Journal of Postharvest Technology, 3(03), 089-096.

Abdul-Rahaman, A., Alhassan, N., and Halidu, H. 2014. Charcoal evaporative cooling technology for storage of dwarf ger marglobe tomato fruits. International Journal of Technical Research and Applications. 2(6): 149-151.

Kitinoja (2014). Exploring the potential for cold chain development in emerging and rapidly industrializing countries. Liquid Air Energy Network.

Kitinoja (2013). Innovative Small-scale Postharvest Technologies for Reducing Losses in Horticultural Crops. Ethiopian .J. Appl. Sci. Technol. (Special Issue No.1): 9- 15 (2013)

Kitinoja L, Saran S, Roy S K and A.A. Kader (2011). Postharvest Technology for Developing Countries: Challenges and Opportunities in Research, Outreach and Advocacy.  J of the Science of Food and Agriculture 2011; 91: 597–603

Kitinoja, L. and AlHassan, H.Y. (2012). Identification of appropriate postharvest technologies for small-scale horticultural farmers and marketers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia - part 1. Postharvest losses and quality assessments. Acta Horticulturae. 934, 31-40

Kitinoja, L and Thompson J F, (2010). Pre-cooling systems for small-scale producers. Stewart Postharvest Review 2010,6(2):1-14

Winrock International, Empowering agriculture: Energy options for horticulture. US Agency for International Development 79 pp. (2009).

Pareek, S. Kitinoja, L. Kaushik R.M. and R. Paliwal, (2009). Postharvest physiology and storage of ber. Stewart Postharvest Review 2009, 5:5 Published online 01 October 2009

Kitinoja, L. (2004). Horticultural Extension Manual. The University of California, Davis IPO/USAID AERI Horticulture Project. 54 pgs.

Kitinoja, L. and Kader, A.A. (2003). Small-Scale Postharvest Practices: A Manual for Horticultural Crops, 4th edition. University of California, Davis. 196 pp. This manual has been translated into Arabic, French, Spanish, Punjabi, Chinese, Vietnamese, Afrikaans, Indonesian and several other languages.

Kitinoja, L. and Kasmire, R.F. (2002). Making the Link: Extension of Postharvest Technology, Chapter 38 in Kader, A.A. (ed), Postharvest Technology for Horticultural Crops (3rd Edition), UC DANR Publication 3311. pp. 481-509.

Kitinoja, L. (2001). Postharvest Handling of Fruits and Vegetables intended for Cold Storage. International Association of Refrigerated Warehouses (IARW-India). 46 pp.

Kitinoja, L., Schermerhorn, Brown, A., Thapa, M.J. (2000). Post-harvest Technology Action Plan. USAID/ Nepal MARD Lumbini-Gandaki Technical Report No. 64. March 2000

 Kitinoja, L. and Gorny, J.R. (1999). Postharvest Technology for Small-Scale Produce Marketers: Economic Opportunities, Quality and Food Safety. University of California, Davis.

 Kitinoja, L. (1999). Costs and Benefits of Fresh Handling Practices. In: Kitinoja, L. (ed). Perishables Handling Quarterly, Special Issue: Costs and Benefits of Postharvest Technologies, No. 97: 7-13

Kader, A.A. and Kitinoja, L. (1994). Postharvest Handling of Perishable Crops. In: Humphrey, S.E. et al, Small Farm Handbook. University of California: Small Farm Center. pp. 109-116.

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